Paxtang is a borough in Dauphin County, Pennsylvania, United States. The borough is a suburb of Harrisburg and is one of the earliest colonialsettlements in South Central Pennsylvania. Paxtang dates to the 18th century when Euro-American settled at the site of the Conestogavillage of Peshtank. Peshtank means still waters. Several important trails and routes crossed the area. William Penn purchased the area known as Paxtang, or Paxton. The population was 1,570 at the 2000 census.