Jim Thorpe, PA
Jim Thorpe (Lenape: Mxkwchunk ) is a borough in Carbon County, Pennsylvania, United States. The population was 4,804 at the 2000 census. It is the county seat of Carbon County. The town has been called the "Switzerland of America" due to the picturesque scenery, mountainous location, and architecture; as well as the "Gateway to the Poconos." Jim Thorpe was founded as Mauch Chunk/mktk/ a name derived from the term Mawsch Unk (Bear Place) in the language of the native Munsee-Lenape Delaware peoples, a possible reference to a left bank local mountain extension of Mauch Chunk Ridge that resembled a sleeping bear, or perhaps the original profile of the ridge which has since been changed heavily by 220 years of mining activities. The company town was founded by Josiah White and his two partners, founders of the Lehigh Coal & Navigation Company, as both the head of the Lehigh Canal and the terminus of a gravity railroad they planned on building when planning in 1817 to make coal available in the big cities accessible from the Delaware River, 43 kilometres (26.7mi) downstream.